Brain cancer, a devastating and life-altering disease, has become a pressing concern in India. It affects people of all ages and backgrounds, and its impact on patients and their families is profound. In this comprehensive blog, we will delve into the intricacies of brain cancer, exploring its causes, the brain tumor symptoms that may be exhibited, diagnostic procedures, and the various treatment options available.
For someone who is suffering from a brain tumor, or knows someone who may be afflicted with this rather painful medical condition, visiting a hospital in Patna would be the suggested thing to do.
Causes of Brain Cancer in India
Brain cancer, also known as glioma or glioblastoma, originates from abnormal growth of cells within the brain. While the exact causes of brain cancer are not fully understood, there are several factors that have been associated with an increased risk of developing this condition and witnessing brain tumor symptoms.
Genetic Factors: In some cases, a family history of brain cancer can increase the risks, and these can prove to be potential brain tumor warning signs as well. Certain genetic mutations, like those associated with neurofibromatosis and Li-Fraumeni syndrome, have been linked to a higher susceptibility to brain cancer.
Exposure to Radiation: Exposure to ionizing radiation, such as radiation therapy for other conditions or environmental exposure, can increase the risk of brain cancer. Once exposed, the chances of experiencing brain tumor symptoms go up significantly.
Chemical Exposures: Prolonged exposure to harmful chemicals, such as formaldehyde or certain pesticides, may contribute to the development of brain cancer. Brain tumor treatments must account for such incidences while carrying out the procedure.
Age: The risk of brain cancer increases with age, with most cases occurring in individuals over the age of 60. Once past that age, the brain tumor warning signs must be watched out intently for.
Immune System Compromises: People with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, may be at a higher risk.
Detection of Brain Cancer
Early detection of brain cancer is crucial for effective treatment and improved outcomes. In India, healthcare providers employ various methods to identify brain cancer. Here are some common techniques:
Neurological Examination: Doctors may conduct a comprehensive neurological examination to assess motor skills, reflexes, and coordination. Any abnormalities would bring the brain tumor warning symptoms to the forefront.
Imaging Tests: Advanced imaging techniques like Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) scans provide detailed pictures of the brain, helping in the identification of tumors. A top hospital in Patna would be well-equipped to carry out such tests in the best manner possible.
Biopsy: In cases where imaging suggests the presence of a tumor, a biopsy is often performed. A small sample of the tumor tissue is extracted and examined under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis. These tests would help determine the course of the brain tumor treatments.
Diagnosis of Brain Cancer
Once brain cancer is suspected, a precise diagnosis is essential to determine its type, size, and extent. In India, the following steps are commonly taken for diagnosis:
Histopathological Analysis: The tissue obtained from a biopsy is examined by a pathologist to identify the type and grade of the tumor. This information is vital for planning treatment.
Molecular Testing: Advanced diagnostic techniques like molecular profiling may be used to analyze the genetic and molecular characteristics of the tumor. This can help guide brain tumor treatments.
Staging: Staging involves determining the extent of cancer spread within the brain and to other parts of the body. This helps in planning the appropriate treatment strategy.
Treatment of Brain Cancer in India
The treatment of brain cancer in India depends on several factors, including the type and grade of the tumor, its location, the patient’s age and overall health, and the extent of its spread. Here are the primary treatment options available at a top hospital in Patna.
Surgery: Surgical removal of the tumor is often the first step in treating brain cancer. Highly skilled neurosurgeons in India use state-of-the-art techniques and equipment to safely remove as much of the tumor as possible while preserving essential brain functions. These are carried out after the brain tumor warning signs have been witnessed, and a proper diagnosis has been carried out regarding the same.
Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy refers to the usage of a high-energy beam to target and annihilate cancer cells. It is often recommended after surgery to prevent the chances of recurrences in any manner whatsoever. India boasts several world-class radiation therapy centres.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the engagement of drugs and medications to stem the growth of cancer cells and their spread while killing the pre-existing ones as well. These drugs can be administered orally or intravenously and are sometimes used in conjunction with radiation therapy. This would help prevent brain tumor symptoms from recurring in the future.
Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapies are designed to attack specific molecules involved in the growth of cancer cells. In India, these treatments are increasingly available and offer promising outcomes for some patients.
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy relies on the body’s immune system to tackle and remedy cancer. It is a rapidly evolving field, and certain immunotherapeutic agents have shown promise in treating brain cancer.
Supportive Care: Alongside these treatments, supportive care measures such as pain management, physical therapy, and counselling are crucial to improving the patient’s quality of life during treatment.
Brain cancer is a complex and challenging disease that affects many people in India. While the causes of brain cancer are not fully understood, early detection and access to advanced treatment options are critical for improving survival rates and enhancing the quality of life for patients. With continued advancements in medical technology and increased awareness, there is hope for better outcomes in the fight against brain cancer in India. It is essential for individuals to prioritize their health, seek regular check-ups, and be aware of the early warning signs to detect this disease as early as possible.
Visit a top super-speciality hospital in Patna today to avail yourself of the best brain tumor treatments there are.