An orthopedic surgeon is a medical professional focused on diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal conditions. Their role is critical in assisting patients to reclaim their mobility, alleviate pain, and improve their overall quality of life.
But to understand the role of orthopedic doctors in enhancing an individual’s quality of life, one must first familiarize themselves with the common orthopedic conditions and the treatments these medical professionals provide.
Arthritis is a widespread orthopedic condition characterized by joint inflammation and stiffness. For this condition, orthopedic surgeons employ various treatments:
Medications: They prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs and pain relievers to alleviate symptoms.
Physical Therapy: An orthopedic doctor recommends targeted exercises to maintain joint flexibility and strength.
Injections: They administer corticosteroid or hyaluronic acid injections for pain relief.
Joint Replacement Surgery: Orthopedic surgeons perform joint replacement surgeries, including hip or knee replacements, to improve joint function in severe cases.
Fractures are common orthopedic injuries resulting from accidents, falls, or trauma. Orthopedic surgeons treat fractures by:
Setting the Bone: Realigning the bone to its correct position.
Casting or Splinting: Immobilizing the bone with a cast or splint to facilitate healing.
Surgical Intervention: Using surgical techniques to realign and stabilize the bone with screws, plates, or rods for complex fractures.
Torn Ligaments and Tendons
Injuries to ligaments and tendons can lead to significant pain and reduced joint stability. Orthopedic surgeons address these injuries by:
Repair Surgery: Performing surgical procedures to reattach torn ligaments or tendons.
Physical Therapy: Designing rehabilitation programs to strengthen and restore function to the affected area.
A herniated disc occurs when the cushion-like discs between the vertebrae rupture or bulge, leading to nerve compression and pain. Orthopedic surgeons manage this condition through:
Non-Surgical Measures: Recommending rest, physical therapy, and medications for mild cases.
Surgery: Performing spinal surgery, such as discectomy or spinal fusion, when conservative treatments fail to alleviate symptoms.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a musculoskeletal condition that affects the hand and wrist. It causes numbness, tingling, and weakness due to the compression of the median nerve. Orthopedic surgeons treat this condition with:
Wrist Splints: Prescribing wrist splints to alleviate pressure on the median nerve.
Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery: Conducting surgery to relieve pressure on the nerve.
Rotator Cuff Injuries
Rotator cuff injuries often result from overuse or trauma, leading to pain and limited shoulder mobility. Orthopedic surgeons address these injuries by:
Physical Therapy: Recommending exercises to strengthen the shoulder muscles.
Surgical Repair: Performing arthroscopic surgery to repair torn tendons.
Scoliosis is a musculoskeletal condition characterized by an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine. Orthopedic surgeons treat scoliosis with:
Bracing: Using specialized braces to slow or prevent further curvature progression in adolescents.
Spinal Fusion Surgery: Conducting surgery to straighten and stabilize the spine in severe cases.
Orthopedic surgeons employ a range of treatment options, from conservative measures to surgical interventions, to address the abovementioned orthopedic conditions. Their expertise is pivotal in helping patients alleviate pain and regain function.
If you’re experiencing musculoskeletal issues, consulting with an orthopedic surgeon is crucial for effective diagnosis and treatment. You can utilize telemedicine platforms like NowServing PH to consult with the best orthopedic doctor in your residential area.